5CNational Marine Conservation Areas

1.National Marine Conservation Areas in Eastern Canada

1.1The Saguenay – St. Lawrence Marine Park, Quebec

The Saguenay – St. Lawrence Marine Park exists by virtue of two acts, one from the Government of Canada and the other from the Government of Quebec (Saguenay-St. Lawrence Marine Park Act, S.C. 1997, c. 37 and Loi sur le parc marin du Saguenay—Saint-Laurent, R.S.Q, c. P-8.1). The Marine Park includes the Saguenay Fjord, downstream from Cap à l’Est, and the northern portion of the St. Lawrence Estuary between Gros Cap à l’Aigle upstream to Les Escoumins downstream (Figure 1). The Marine Park covers approximately 1,245 km2, includes the water column and seabed, and extends to the normal high-tide line. It protects representative portions of St. Lawrence Estuary and Saguenay Fjord ecosystems.

The Marine Park and surrounding waters are well known for the resident St. Lawrence beluga whale population and the wide diversity of marine mammals that migrate here, mainly to feed, between the months of April and November. Whales involved in feeding behaviour may suddenly surface unexpectedly. Heightened awareness on the mariner’s part is necessary in order to prevent collisions with whales.

Oceanographic conditions in the area produce very strong currents and periodical fog in summer. The presence of numerous ports and marinas, as well as an important whale-watching industry, generates intense navigational activity, particularly between Tadoussac and Les Escoumins.

The Saguenay - St. Lawrence Marine Park


Marine Mammal Protection

A.Marine Activities in the Saguenay–St. Lawrence Marine Park Regulations

Marine Activities in the Saguenay–St. Lawrence Marine Park Regulations (SOR/2002-76) regulate activities at sea, notably whale watching. The regulations indicate the maximum navigation speed permitted throughout the park, as well as the distances and speeds to be respected when whales are present. These distances vary depending on the risk status of a given species.

A permit is required in order to operate a marine tour business, to carry out scientific activities and for film productions. For more information on the Regulations, consult

http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/regulations/SOR-2002-76/index.html.

The main prescribed behaviours include:

1.General prohibitions

No person shall engage in behaviour that may disturb, kill or injure a marine mammal. Any collision with a marine mammal must immediately be reported to a park warden by dialling 1-866-508-9888.

2.Distance requirements

A minimum distance of 400 meters from all endangered marine mammals (blue whale and beluga whale) must be respected.

No person shall approach within 200 meters of any other whale species.

3.Speed limits

The maximum navigational speed within the Marine Park is 25 knots.

From May 1st to Oct 31st, it is prohibited for a vessel’s pilot to navigate at a speed greater than 15 knots in the mouth of the Saguenay, whose limits are defined in Figures 1 and 2.

If a vessel unexpectedly encounters a threatened or endangered whale species (ex. blue whale) at a distance of less than 400 meters, the captain must reduce the speed of the vessel to a speed no greater than the minimum speed required to maneuverthe vessel and move away to a distance greater than 400 meters.


B.Zoning

The zoning of the Marine Park is designed to protect specific habitats and the species that live within them while promoting ecologically sustainable use of the Marine Park and quality visitor experiences. Comprehensive preservation zones were created to protect especially sensitive habitat (Figure 2). These zones cover 3% of the Marine Park’s surface area and include sectors that are particularly important to marine mammals and seabirds caring for their young and for resting. All mariners are requested to avoid these zones.

Comprehensive preservation zones

C.Marine Mammal Emergency

To report a marine mammal that is either in trouble or dead, call 1-877-722-5346.

Information

For questions concerning the Saguenay–St. Lawrence Marine Park, contact Parks Canada at 418-235-4703 or info.parcmarin@pc.gc.ca, or visit www.marinepark.qc.ca.

For general information regarding Parks Canada's National Marine Conservation Areas, National Parks or National Historic Sites, please contact our National Information Service at 1-888-773-8888 or information@pc.gc.ca, or visit Parks Canada website at www.parkscanada.gc.ca.

2.National Marine Conservation Areas in the Great Lakes

2.1Fathom Five National Marine Park, Ontario

Fathom Five National Marine Park is a 114 km2 protected area located on Lake Huron near Tobermory, Ontario. Many of the islands within the park are protected under the Canada National Parks Act (S.C. 2000, c. 32). The waters are managed in the "spirit" of the Canada National Marine Conservation Areas Act (S.C. 2002, c. 18) using a variety of provincial and federal legislation.

Fathom Five was first established in 1972 as a provincial park and later in 1987 became the first site to be under the stewardship of Parks Canada's national marine conservation area program. The park is renowned for its shipwrecks and diving opportunities.

Coordinates Fathom Five National Marine Park

Restrictions

Restricted boating areas within Fathom Five National Marine Park are described in the Vessel Operation Restriction Regulations (SOR/2008-120; Schedule 1, Part 2, items 4 to 17) and are indicated on the map above.

Moorings are maintained within many of the restricted boating areas to facilitate diving and protect the shipwrecks. Coordinates are listed in the table below.

Shipwreck Name

Easting

Northing

Latitude

Longitude

Arabia

447220

5017855

45° 18' 43.975" N

81° 40' 24.002" W

447220

5017775

45° 18' 41.383" N

81° 40' 23.972" W

Boat Harbour

442860

5018575

45° 19' 06.075" N

81° 43' 44.525" W

Dunk's Point

450337

5012792

45° 16' 00.736" N

81° 37' 59.032" W

Forest City

456178

5018358

45° 19' 02.493" N

81° 33' 32.774" W

John Walters

444840

5012060

45° 15' 35.541" N

81° 42' 10.979" W

James C. King

444389

5012931

45° 16' 03.636" N

81° 42' 32.022" W

444323

5012906

45° 16' 02.808" N

81° 42' 35.041" W

Minch

444281

5015922

45° 17' 40.523" N

81° 42' 38.187" W

444543

5015795

45° 17' 36.482" N

81° 42' 26.108" W

Newaygo

441074

5013316

45° 16' 15.139" N

81° 45' 04.301" W

441058

5013253

45° 16' 13.093" N

81° 45' 05.009" W

440978

5013114

45° 16' 08.565" N

81° 45' 08.620" W

Points West

442737

5014998

45° 17' 10.135" N

81° 43' 48.686" W

Philo Scoville

445300

5013057

45° 16' 07.977" N

81° 41' 50.269" W

Sweepstakes

446607

5011556

45° 15' 19.701" N

81° 40' 49.712" W

446617

5011536

45° 15' 19.056" N

81° 40' 49.245" W

Truellen

444992

5015115

45° 17' 14.575" N

81° 42' 05.224" W

Tugs

448066

5011973

45° 15' 33.607" N

81° 39' 42.933" W

W.L. Wetmore

444297

5012669

45° 15' 55.121" N

81° 42' 36.138" W

444364

5012641

45° 15' 54.232" N

81° 42' 33.052" W

Note: Easting and Northing coordinates are Universal Transverse Mercator Projection Zone 17 North.

All projected and geographic coordinates are North American Datum 1983.

Permitting Requirements

A park permit is required to enter the restricted boating areas.

A park permit is required to dive in the park.

Both permits are available from the Parks Canada Visitor Centre in Tobermory.

Information

For questions concerning Fathom Five National Marine Park, contact Parks Canada at 519-596-2233 or bruce-fathomfive@pc.gc.ca, or visit www.parkscanada.gc.ca/fathomfive.

For general information regarding Parks Canada's National Marine Conservation Areas, National Parks or National Historic Sites, please contact our National Information Service at 1-888-773-8888 or information@pc.gc.ca, or visit Parks Canada website at www.parkscanada.gc.ca.

3.National Marine Conservation Areas in Western Canada

3.1Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve, National Marine Conservation Area Reserve, and Haida Heritage Site, British-Columbia

Gwaii Haanas is a 5000 km2 land-and-sea protected area located at Haida Gwaii (formerly the Queen Charlotte Islands) in British Columbia. It is cooperatively managed by the Government of Canada and the Council of the Haida Nation. The terrestrial portion is protected under the Canada National Parks Act (S.C. 2000, c. 32) and the adjacent marine area is protected under the Canada National Marine Conservation Areas Act (S.C. 2002, c. 18).

Coordinates

Gwaii Haanas National Marine Conservation Area Reserve and Haida Heritage


Gwaii Haanas National Marine Conservation Area Reserve and Haida Heritage Site is one of the first National Marine Conservation Areas (NMCA) established in Canada. NMCAs are intended to protect and conserve representative marine areas for the benefit, education and enjoyment of the people of Canada and the world. The fully protected areas in the Gwaii Haanas Marine Area (see map) protect key areas of biodiversity, rare and sensitive ecosystem elements, and important cultural sites.

Permitting requirements

Those who would like to visit the Gwaii Haanas Terrestrial Area must obtain a permit at the Gwaii Haanas office in Skidegate or by calling 877-559-8818. Visitors are also required to receive an orientation prior to going ashore. These requirements do not apply to people of Haida ancestry.

Visitors are welcome at the Haida Gwaii Watchmen Sites including K’uuna Llnagaay (Skedans), T’aanuu Llnagaay (Tanu), Hlk'yah GawGa (Windy Bay), Gandll K'in Gwaay.yaay (Hotspring Island), and SGang Gwaay (Anthony Island). Between May and September, please contact the on-site Haida Gwaii Watchmen by radio (marine channel 6) before coming ashore.

Restrictions

Commercial and recreational extraction of all types (e.g., fishing, plant harvesting) are prohibited within the fully protected areas of the Gwaii Haanas Marine Area.

Removal of any items from above the high tide line in Gwaii Haanas (i.e. within the Gwaii Haanas Terrestrial Area) is strictly prohibited.

Information

For questions concerning Gwaai Haanas National Park Reserve, National Marine Conservation Area Reserve, and Haida Heritage Site, contact Parks Canada at 877-559-8818 or gwaii.haanas@pc.gc.ca, or visit www.parkscanada.gc.ca/gwaiihaanas.

For general information regarding Parks Canada's National Marine Conservation Areas, National Parks or National Historic Sites, please contact our National Information Service at 1-888-773-8888 or information@pc.gc.ca, or visit Parks Canada website at www.parkscanada.gc.ca.

Authority: Parks Canada Agency